American Larch, larix laricina

American Larch, larix laricina
Item# DA-americanlarch
Seed Packages: 

Product Description

Inventory as of Feb. 1, 2018: 4000 Seeds

Seed Specifications: Purity - 100%; Projected Germination Rate - 83%; Where Harvested (location) - Canada

Tamarack Larch, or Tamarack or American Larch is a species of larch native to northern North America and Canada, from the Yukon and Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and also south into the northeastern United States from Minnesota to West Virginia. There is also a disjunct population in central Alaska. The name Tamarack is the Algonquian Native American name for the species. It is a small to medium-size deciduous coniferous tree reaching 30-65 feet tall. The bark is tight and flaky, brown, but under flaking bark it can appear reddish. The leaves are needle-like, 1/2-1 inch long, light blue-green, turning bright yellow before they fall in the autumn, leaving the pale pinkish-brown shoots bare until the next spring. The needles are produced spirally on long shoots and in dense clusters on short woody spur shoots. The cones are the smallest of any larch, with 12-25 seed scales. The cones are bright red, turning brown and opening to release the seeds when mature. It is very cold tolerant, able to survive winter temperatures down to at least -85F, and commonly occurs at the arctic tree line at the edge of the tundra. Trees in these severe climatic conditions are smaller than further south, often only 17 feet tall. Tamarack is commonly found in swamps, though also occasionally grows on drier sandy soils. While extremely tolerant of different soil types, the Tamarack is very sensitive to shading, and so it often gets pushed to more marginal soil types by more vigorous species. The wood is tough and durable, but also flexible in thin strips. It has be used for making snowshoes and other products where toughness was required. It is also grown as an ornamental tree in gardens in cold regions, and is a favorite tree for bonsai. The Tamarack Larch was also used by the surveyors because at that time the very rot resistant wood was readily available in the bush and was light to carry. The Tamarack Larch is cold hardy to USDA Zone 2.

Suggested Planting Instructions:

Scarfication: None required. Stratification: Cold stratify for 30 days, some seeds may germinate during stratification. Germination: Sow seed 1/4" deep, press seed into the soil, cover seed, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, remove mulch upon germination. Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.